Harapan 8

According to Muhammed Abdul Khalid and Li Yang, an analysis of pre-tax national income in Malaysia over the period 2002 to 2014 shows that “the Bumiputera in the top income groups (the top 1 per cent and the 10 per cent) benefited the most from economic growth. In sharp contrast, the income of the Chinese in the top income groups deteriorated. In a way, the strong growth in high-income Bumiputera occurred at the cost of a decrease in Chinese and the slow growth of Indians in the top income groups.”

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-349-16634-3_6

https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/businessreview/2019/09/11/income-inequality-among-different-ethnic-groups-the-case-of-malaysia/